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Microbes are recruited in soil environment according to ecosystem demand

Science of The Total Environment (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.156863″ width=”800″ height=”530″/>

Graphic abstract. Credit: Science of The Total Environment (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.156863

Soil microbes (in terms of functional gene content) are key drivers of ecosystem functions, but their functional characterization and their ecological contributions are not sufficiently understood. It is important to understand how soil microbes ameliorate the nutrient stress environment and maintain their activity to support ecosystem multifunctionality in tropical forests.

In a study published in Science of the Total Environmentresearchers from the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences tried to evaluate the spatial pattern of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycling functional genes and find out their potential influence on the aboveground plant community in a hyper -diverse tropical forest ecosystem in Xishuangbanna.

The researchers targeted N-cycle functional genes such as NirK, AOA, and AOB (molecular markers for detecting denitrifiers and ammonia oxidizers) and P-cycle functional gene PhoD (molecular marker to assess organic phosphorus mineralization).

By performing extensive soil sampling and vegetation data collection, the researchers detected higher spatial variability with a maximum magnitude of abundance for PhoD gene followed by NirK, AOA, and AOB. The PhoD gene abundance was positively correlated with soil N:P ratio and only PhoD gene showed a direct positive impact on the plant biomass.

They further found that PhoD gene community is high under phosphorus limiting conditions to provide a sufficient supply of available phosphorus required by plants for their growth. This indicates that microbes are being recruited in the soil environment according to the demand of the ecosystem.

“Therefore, in-depth spatial monitoring of microbial functions is required for identifying the microbial mechanisms of performing ecological functions (nutrient cycling, stress resistance, plant productivity, litter decomposition), their adaptation strategies to disturbances such as nutrient limiting conditions, and their contributions. (cooperate or compete) to the plant community,” said Yang Xiaodong of XTBG.

He noted that the preliminary study improved the understanding of how microbial functional genes-environment associations could be used for monitoring soil health and its overall impact on ecosystem multifunctionality.


Multi-dimensional approach is needed to protect woody plants in Xishuangbanna


More information:
Sandhya Mishra et al, Spatial pattern of functional genes abundance reveals the importance of PhoD gene harboring bacterial community for maintaining plant growth in the tropical forest of Southwestern China, Science of The Total Environment (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.156863

Provided by Chinese Academy of Sciences

citation: Microbes are recruited in soil environment according to ecosystem demand (2022, June 24) retrieved 24 June 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-06-microbes-soil-environment-ecosystem-demand.html

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